Urbanization is a defining trend of our era. As of the end of 2016, 60% of the world’s 17.2 million refugees under UNHCR’s mandate live in urban areas, with that number expected to increase. The increasing trend towards urbanization and the accompanying need to support refugees in urban environments is explicitly recognized in the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants (New York Declaration). Many refugee children will live their entire childhoods in cities. With funding from the United States Government Bureau for Population, Refugees and Migration, UNHCR is conducting research on the ways that city life affects the protection of refugee children and their families.