Infant mortality reveals the level of social development of a community, as it indicates whether that community has access to adequate healthcare, nutrition, sanitation, and social protections. Rates of infant mortality in Latin America have steadily declined over the past century, similar to other regions in the global south. However, data from the region reveal important inequities in urban infant mortality. Urban environmental characteristics that differ across neighborhoods, cities, and countries can have an important impact on rates of infant mortality.
This data brief describes how the Salud Urbana en América Latina (“Urban Health in Latin America”) project (SALURBAL) is using data to describe patterns of infant mortality across Latin American cities and understand what characteristics of urban environments may be contributing to inequities in infant mortality.